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Jola Dziubinska | profile | all galleries >> IRAN 2014 >> PERSEPOLIS - CITY OF PERSIANS tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

PERSEPOLIS - CITY OF PERSIANS

Persepolis (Old Persian: Pārśa, New Persian: Takht-e Jamshid or Pārseh), literally meaning "city of Persians", was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of city of Shiraz in Fars Province in Iran.
The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BC. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture.
It was destroyed in a fire by Alexander the Great and his men, but whether this was by accident or for revenge is still debated. The ashes from that fire helped preserve the site until it was excavated in the 1930's.

UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.
Persepolis is world renowned for its bas reliefs, and in particular for those on the sides of the Apadana staircases.

The site includes a 125,000 square metre terrace, partly artificially constructed and partly cut out of a mountain.

Around 519 BC, construction of a broad stairway was begun. The stairway was planned to be the main entrance to the terrace 20 metres above the ground. The dual stairway, known as the Persepolitan stairway, was built in symmetrically on the western side of the Great Wall.
Ruins of a number of colossal buildings exist on the terrace. All are constructed of dark-grey marble.

The first to make a real contribution to the study of the ruins and to identify them as the capital of ancient Persia, was a Dutchman, Cornelis de Bruijn (1652-1727), who visited Persepolis in 1704/1705. He made many beautiful drawings, which he published in 1711 in Reizen over Moskovie, door Persie en Indie. His drawings were long considered as the best representations available, until the first photographers visited the place in the twentieth century.

After a dig in 1878, which was organized by the Persian governor of the Shiraz region, the first archaeological research was executed by the Oriental Institute of Chicago: Ernst Herzfeld and F. Schmidt were working in Persepolis from 1931 to 1939. Ever since, archaelogists of many nations have been working at the Persepolis.
Persepolis
Persepolis
Persepolis
Persepolis
Entrance With The Gate Of All Nations
Entrance With The Gate Of All Nations
Persepolis - Gate Of All Nations
Persepolis - Gate Of All Nations
Gate Of All Nations - Detail
Gate Of All Nations - Detail
Persepolis - Gate Of All Nations
Persepolis - Gate Of All Nations
Gate Of All Nations
Gate Of All Nations
Gate Of All Nations Columns
Gate Of All Nations Columns
Persepolis - Gate Of All Nations
Persepolis - Gate Of All Nations
Gate Of All Nations - Detail
Gate Of All Nations - Detail
The Apadana
The Apadana
The Apadana Stone Relief
The Apadana Stone Relief
The Apadana Stone Relief
The Apadana Stone Relief
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Lydian Delegation
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Lydian Delegation
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Greeks
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Greeks
The Apadana Stone Relief - Syrians And Cappadocians
The Apadana Stone Relief - Syrians And Cappadocians
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Lydian Delegation
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Lydian Delegation
The Apadana Stone Relief - Arachosian Delegation
The Apadana Stone Relief - Arachosian Delegation
The Apadana Stone Relief - Persian Archers (Immortal)
The Apadana Stone Relief - Persian Archers (Immortal)
The Apadana Stone Relief - A courtier And The Greek Man
The Apadana Stone Relief - A courtier And The Greek Man
The Apadana Stone Relief - Delegation From India
The Apadana Stone Relief - Delegation From India
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Sogdians
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Sogdians
The Apadana - Inscription XPb
The Apadana - Inscription XPb
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Scythians
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Scythians
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Gandarans
The Apadana Stone Relief - The Gandarans
The Apadana And  Irrigation System Canal
The Apadana And Irrigation System Canal
Apadana - The Lion-Bull Fight
Apadana - The Lion-Bull Fight
The Apadana Stone Relief - Babylonians
The Apadana Stone Relief - Babylonians
Apadana - The Lion's Head
Apadana - The Lion's Head
The Apadana Columns
The Apadana Columns
The Apadana Stone Relief
The Apadana Stone Relief
Apadana - The Lion-Bull Fight
Apadana - The Lion-Bull Fight
Apadana Column And Base
Apadana Column And Base
Our Group In Apadana
Our Group In Apadana
Tachara Palace
Tachara Palace
The Apadana Stone Relief - Delegation From India
The Apadana Stone Relief - Delegation From India
Gate Of All Nations - Side View
Gate Of All Nations - Side View
Tachara Palace
Tachara Palace
Tachara Palace
Tachara Palace
Tachara Palace Stone Relief
Tachara Palace Stone Relief
Tachara Palace  - Lion Vs Bull
Tachara Palace - Lion Vs Bull
Tachara Palace - The  Inscriptions
Tachara Palace - The Inscriptions
Tachara Palace - Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: A3Pa
Tachara Palace - Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: A3Pa
Tachara Palace - The  Inscriptions
Tachara Palace - The Inscriptions
Tachara Palace  - Lion Vs Bull
Tachara Palace - Lion Vs Bull
Tachara Palace - Tribute Bearers, The Western Entrance Stone Relief
Tachara Palace - Tribute Bearers, The Western Entrance Stone Relief
Tachara Palace - The Western Entrance Stone Relief
Tachara Palace - The Western Entrance Stone Relief
Tachara Palace - Ahura Mazda
Tachara Palace - Ahura Mazda
Tachara Palace - The Western Entrance Stone Relief
Tachara Palace - The Western Entrance Stone Relief
Tachara Palace Stone Relief
Tachara Palace Stone Relief
Tachara Palace - The Western Entrance Stone Relief
Tachara Palace - The Western Entrance Stone Relief
Palace Of Xerxes Stone Relief
Palace Of Xerxes Stone Relief
Palace Of Xerxes - The Doorframes
Palace Of Xerxes - The Doorframes
Palace Of Xerxes Stone Relief
Palace Of Xerxes Stone Relief
Persepolis - Columns Of Apadana
Persepolis - Columns Of Apadana
Palace Of Xerxes - The Doorframes
Palace Of Xerxes - The Doorframes
Persepolis Ruins
Persepolis Ruins
Palace Of Xerxes Stone Relief
Palace Of Xerxes Stone Relief
Persepolis Ruins
Persepolis Ruins
Palace Of Darius - The Doorframes
Palace Of Darius - The Doorframes
Palace Of Xerxes - The Doorframes
Palace Of Xerxes - The Doorframes
The Hundred Columns Hall
The Hundred Columns Hall
Trail To Tomb of Artaxerxes III
Trail To Tomb of Artaxerxes III
The Hundred Columns Hall
The Hundred Columns Hall
The Hundred Columns Hall
The Hundred Columns Hall
The Hundred Columns Hall
The Hundred Columns Hall
The Hundred Columns Hall - The Doorway
The Hundred Columns Hall - The Doorway
At The Hundred Columns Hall
At The Hundred Columns Hall
Persepolis Stone Relief
Persepolis Stone Relief
Hi From Persepolis
Hi From Persepolis
 Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
The Hundred Columns Hall - The Doorway
The Hundred Columns Hall - The Doorway
The Hundred Columns Hall
The Hundred Columns Hall
Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall - Throne Scene
Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall - Throne Scene
Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
Persepolis
Persepolis
Persepolis - View From The Hill
Persepolis - View From The Hill
Persepolis - View From The Hill
Persepolis - View From The Hill
Persepolis - View From The Hill
Persepolis - View From The Hill
Golden Grass Of Persepolis
Golden Grass Of Persepolis
Tomb Of Artaxerxes II
Tomb Of Artaxerxes II
Tomb Of Artaxerxes II - Detail
Tomb Of Artaxerxes II - Detail
At Persepolis
At Persepolis
At Persepolis
At Persepolis
At Persepolis
At Persepolis
Northern Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
Northern Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
Apadana - South Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - South Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - South Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - South Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
Apadana - The Center Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Center Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Center Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Center Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Center Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Center Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Center Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Center Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - The Cypress Trees Relief
Apadana - The Cypress Trees Relief
Apadana - The Lion-Bull Fight
Apadana - The Lion-Bull Fight
Apadana - Lion Vs Bull
Apadana - Lion Vs Bull
Apadana - The Bull's Head
Apadana - The Bull's Head
The Apadana - Inscription XPb
The Apadana - Inscription XPb
Apadana - The Lion's Head
Apadana - The Lion's Head
Apadana - The Lion-Bull Fight
Apadana - The Lion-Bull Fight
Persepolis - Gate Of All Nations In Distance
Persepolis - Gate Of All Nations In Distance
Northern Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
Northern Gate To The Hundred Columns Hall
The Apadana Stone Relief
The Apadana Stone Relief
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
Apadana - North Wing Of The Eastern Stairway
The Apadana And  Irrigation System Canal
The Apadana And Irrigation System Canal
Sunset Over Gate Of All Nations
Sunset Over Gate Of All Nations
Eagle Headed Griffin
Eagle Headed Griffin
The Apadana
The Apadana
Eagle Headed Griffins
Eagle Headed Griffins
Sunset Over Gate Of All Nations
Sunset Over Gate Of All Nations
At Gate Of All Nations
At Gate Of All Nations
Sunset In Persepolis
Sunset In Persepolis
Golden Sunset In Persepolis
Golden Sunset In Persepolis
Sunset Sky In Persepolis
Sunset Sky In Persepolis
Girls Having Fun
Girls Having Fun
Ancient Lizard In Persepolis
Ancient Lizard In Persepolis