Kukeldash Madrasah is the largest madrasah of Tashkent and next to Chorsu Bazaar. In the IX and X centuries there were Kesh gates here, one of the three city gates.
Tashkent's principal Friday Mosque was built in the 1990's on the site of a 16th century mosque destroyed by the Soviets.
It was built in the XVI century (1570) during the reign of the Shaybanid dynasty by the vizier close to Tashkent sultans Barak-Khan and Darwish Khan. The Vizier was nicknamed "kukeltash" (‘Kukeldash’), which means "foster-brother of Khan”.
Over the centuries Kukeldash Madrasah has served not only as a an educational institution, but also as a caravanserai, and as a fortress of the Kokand rulers in the XIX century. After the restoration in the 1960’s, it was returned to serve as a spiritual institute.