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The Ellisons | profile | all galleries >> Travel & Trips >> UZBEKISTAN >> Tashkent tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

Tashkent

Tashkent is the capital of, and the most cosmopolitan city in Uzbekistan.

Tashkent was settled by ancient people as an oasis on the Chirchik River, near the foothills of the West Tian Shan Mountains.

In pre-Islamic and early Islamic times, the town and the province were known as Chach. The Shahnameh of Ferdowsi also refers to the city as Chach. Later the town came to be known as Chachkand/Chashkand, meaning "Chach City".

In the early 8th century, the region was conquered by Muslim Arabs.

The modern Turkic name of Tashkent (City of Stone) comes from Kara-Khanid rule in the 10th century ("Tash" in Turkic languages means stone). After the 16th century, the name evolved from Chachkand/Chashkand to Tashkand.

The city was destroyed by Genghis Khan in 1219 and lost much of its population as a result of the Mongols' destruction of the Khwarezmid Empire in 1220. Under the Timurid and subsequent Shaybanid dynasties the city's population and culture gradually revived as a prominent strategic center of scholarship, commerce and trade along the Silk Road.

Due to the 1966 earthquake and the Soviet redevelopment, little architectural heritage has survived of Tashkent's ancient history.

Barak-Khan Madrassah / Khast Imam Complex tiling detail at Khast Imam Complex Chorsu Bazaar Monument of Independence Chorsu Bazaar
Chorsu Bazaar Khast Imam Complex wild stork Chorsu Bazaar Hazrati Imam Friday Mosque / Khast Imam Complex
Chorsu Bazaar storks in flight on Ezgulik Archway Khast Imam Complex Chorsu Bazaar the famous Hotel Uzbekistan and statue of Tamerlane at Amir Temur Square
at World War II memorial - Independence Square Kukeldash Madrasah inner courtyard Chorus Bazaar Barak-Khan Madrassah / Khast Imam Complex
Palace of Prince Romanov Chorsu Bazaar Barak-Khan Madrassah / Khast Imam Complex Khast Imam Complex Barak-Khan Madrassah / Khast Imam Complex
Kukeldash Madrasah traditional Uzbek outfit dome detail at Khast Iimam Complex
Chorsu Bazaar Statue of Tamerlane at Amir Temur Square the lacquerware & china painter
wild storks Barak-Khan Madrassah / Khast Imam Complex Muslim Board of Uzbekistan / Khast Imam Complex Khast Imam Complex / Hazrati Imam Friday Mosque Chorsu Bazaar
the Eternal Flame @Chorsu Bazaar the famous Hotel Uzbekistan Hazrati Imam Friday Mosque / Khast Imam Complex Khast Imam Complex detail
Silk Road tea Tashkent non detail of Forums Palace Chorsu Bazaar Domes of Hazrati Imam Friday Mosque and Muyi Muborak Madrasah / Khast Imam Complex
Hazrati Imam Friday Mosque / Khast Imam Complex Dome of Barak-Khan Madrassah Khast Imam Complex
World War II memorial - Independence Square Crying Mother monument Kukeldash Madrasah inner courtyard Statue of Tamerlane at Amir Temur Square
Chorsu Bazaar DSCN4598.jpg Hazrati Imam Friday Mosque Khast Imam Complex
Kukeldash Madrasah Khast Imam Complex Khast Imam Complex Kukeldash Madrasah & Juma Mosque Chorsu Bazaar
Hazrati Imam Friday Mosque / Khast Imam Complex Khast Imam Complex ceiling of the dome in Muyi Muborak Madrasah library dome of Muyi Muborak Madrasah wild stork
Chorsu Bazaar