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Joao Pedro Assumpcao Bastos | profile | all galleries >> My Camera Collection >> The Canon FD family tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

The Canon FD family

Português:
Canon iniciou seriamente suas atividades em fotografia nos anos 1950s. Tomando como inspiração as câmeras Leica (modelos rangefinder, com montagem de lens em rosca 39mm, como a IIIf), fabricou diversas câmeras. Nikon fez algo semelhante, tomado as Contax rangefinder como modelo. Na passagem aos anos 1960s, enquanto a Nikon passou para as câmeras reflex (com a impressionate F), Canon manteve as rangefinder como sua principal produção, erro que custou caro, pois a Nikon ocupou o mercado. Canon iniciou então suas reflex (Canonflex) mas não produziu câmeras que cativassem os fotógrafos, profissionais ou não. Acrescente-se a isso, o fato que, enquanto Nikon e Minolta passaram a oferecer sistemas com preseleção automática de diafragma, as Canon trabalhavam com lentes de baioneta FL, o que obrigava o fotógrafo a trabalhar em abertura real, fechando o diafragma para medição de luz. Isso foi crucial para as vendas e a Canon só resolveu esse problema com a baioneta FD, lançada em 1971 com as câmeras F1 (modelo profissional) e a FTb. Produziu logo após, em 1973, a Canon EF, uma bela câmera (usando a obturador Square Copal) com automatismo de prioridade à velocidade. Era um equipamento caro para ser produzido. Então, em 1976, a EF foi substituída pela Canon AE-1, com o mesmo automatismo, corpo em plástico e vários avanços eletrônicos. Essa câmera (e suas variantes) fez muito sucesso. Em 1981, Canon lançou a profissional F1n, que seguia as linhas da original F1 (mas muito reformulada), muito eficaz e com muitos acessórios. Foi feita para criar uma concorrente à Nikon F3. Porém, a Canon só superou a Nikon no mundo profissional, com a sua série de câmeras Autofocus EOS, em 1987. Mas isso fica fora do nosso escopo e será, talvez, objeto de outra apresentação.

English:
Canon started seriously on the photography business in the 1950s. Taking Leica rangefinder (as the IIIf, with 39mm screw mount) as model, they produced several cameras. Nikon did the same, taking the Contax system as inspiration. In the 1960s, the reflex cameras became a serious option and Nikon, with its impressive Nikon F, occupied successfully the market, while Canon preferred to keep the rangefinder cameras as the main product. Canon, actually, produced reflex cameras, the Canonflex, but they were inferior to the Nikon cameras (at least the market felt it). Furthermore, Nikon (and Minolta as well) already proposed systems with aperture pre-selection, which allowed a much better and clear viewing on SLR cameras. The FL Canon bayonet enforced the use of the real diaphragm for measuring the exposition. It was solved only in 1971, when Canon released the Canon F1 (a professional model) and the Canon FTb, using the bayonet FD, an automatic lens system. In 1971, the Canon EF was launched. It is a very nice camera proposing automatic operation, with Speed priority. It was an expensive camera (using the Square Copal shutter) to be built. Therefore, in 1976, Canon replaced it by the Canon AE-1, a camera with plastic body and much electronics inside. The AE-1 (and its variants), was a more affordable and good camera, successfully sold. In 1981, Canon released the Canon F1n, a professional camera, well distinct from the original 1971 model, since it was (inside and outside) redesigned; an excellent camera, whose main goal was to be a concurrent of the professional Nikon F3. However, Canon could take the lead in the market only in 1987 when the EOS autofocus system was released but … it will be maybe a subject for another presentation.
from the left, Canon EF (1973), Canon FTbn (1971) and Canon F1 (1971).
from the left, Canon EF (1973), Canon FTbn (1971) and Canon F1 (1971).
Canon Pellix (1965, with a FL lens) and Canon F1n (1981).
Canon Pellix (1965, with a FL lens) and Canon F1n (1981).
The manual Canon FTB (1971); actually it is version FTbn, released in 1973 with minor changes compared to the 1971 version.
The manual Canon FTB (1971); actually it is version FTbn, released in 1973 with minor changes compared to the 1971 version.
The Canon Pellix (of 1965, has a pellicle - semi-transparent - reflex mirror); it was used in the Canon EOS RT (1989).
The Canon Pellix (of 1965, has a pellicle - semi-transparent - reflex mirror); it was used in the Canon EOS RT (1989).
The Canon EF (1973), superbe camera, automatic with Speed Priority.
The Canon EF (1973), superbe camera, automatic with Speed Priority.
The Canon F1n; new and last version; mechanical and electronic shutter; manual and automatic.
The Canon F1n; new and last version; mechanical and electronic shutter; manual and automatic.
The Canon F1; this one was released in 1976; it is very similar to the first version of 1971.
The Canon F1; this one was released in 1976; it is very similar to the first version of 1971.
Canon F1; it has interchangeable screens and viewfinders; a large number of accessories was available for this camera.
Canon F1; it has interchangeable screens and viewfinders; a large number of accessories was available for this camera.
The original Canon F1 (1971); with the waist level view accessory.
The original Canon F1 (1971); with the waist level view accessory.
My Canon FD lenses; they are very sharp.
My Canon FD lenses; they are very sharp.
Two rangefinder cameras; the amazing Canon 7 (left) and the popular Canonet QL17.
Two rangefinder cameras; the amazing Canon 7 (left) and the popular Canonet QL17.
The called Canon dream; the Canon 7 and the fast Canon 50mm F0.95, the fastest lens at the time.
The called "Canon dream"; the Canon 7 and the fast Canon 50mm F0.95, the fastest lens at the time.