Reserve Personnel Center
Medical Reserve Corps is formed, creating the first
reservoir of trained Officers in a Reserve status.
The Army Reserve birthday is April 23, 1908.
World War I - 89,500 Officers from the Officers
Reserve Corps participate; one-third are medical
doctors. 80,000 members of the Enlisted Reserve
Corps serve; 15,000 are in medical units.
National Defense acts of 1916 and 1920 create the
Officers Reserve Corps and Enlisted Reserve Corps,
later named the Organized Reserve Corps (ORC),
forerunners of the current Army Reserve.
Funding limits training for Reserve officers to two
weeks every three to four years.
Civilian Conservation Corps More than 30,000 Army
Reserve Officers help manage 2,700 CCC camps.
World War II
200,000 members of the ORC participate. Reserve
Officers provide 29% of the Army's Officers.
Retirement pay and drill pay for ORC members enacted.
Korean Conflict - 240,500 members of the ORC are called
to Active Duty. More than 400 Army Reserve units serve in Korea.
Legislation renames the ORC as the Army Reserve and
divides it into a Ready Reserve, Standby Reserve and
Retired Reserve and provides that Reserve units have
24 training days and up to 17 days of annual training.
The President is given authority to call up to one million
Army Reserve Soldiers of all services.
More than 60,000 Army Reserve soldiers are called to Active duty.
5,900 Army Reserve soldiers are mobilized.
The All-Volunteer Force is implemented; Army
Reserve receives more responsibilities and resources.
After the U.S. rescue operation, volunteers from
Army Reserve civil affairs units deploy to Grenada
to help rebuild infrastructure.
After the U.S. invasion, Army Reserve civil affairs
and military police units help restore order.
Persian Gulf War - More than 84,000 Army Reserve Soldiers
provide combat support and combat service support to the Army.
Army Reserve Soldiers provide postal, logistical and other
assistance to support U.S. relief efforts.
Army Reserve helps restore democracy, providing more than
70% of all Reserve component support.
The Army Reserve contributes more than 68% of the Reserve
Soldiers mobilized, providing civil affairs, medical, postal,
engineer and transportation support to Operation Joint
Endeavor/Joint Guard/Joint Forge. This includes more than
11,150 Soldiers from more than 330 units.
Army Reserve sends units to Central America in support of
New Horizons '99 (Nuevos Horizontes '99), the relief effort
for Hurricane Mitch.
Army Reserve units support NATO forces.
Operation Enduring Freedom;
Army Reserve mobilizes thousands of troops in the
global war on terror. Providing key support for
combat operations in Afghanistan and elsewhere.
Operation Noble Eagle;
Army Reserve becomes a major partner with FEMA,
state and local agencies in defending the American
homeland against terrorist attacks, providing resources
and training to "first responder" organizations across the nation.
Operation Iraqi Freedom;
Army Reserve Soldiers participate by the thousands
in the march to Baghdad and the stabilization and
reconstruction of Iraq.