The Rathenauplatz is a square in the city center of Frankfurt am Main. It goes south into Goetheplatz. Both were originally parts of the Roßmarkt, which was founded in the Middle Ages. In the Weimar Republic, the square was named after the 1922 was murdered by nationalist and anti-Semitic terrorists Reich Foreign Minister Walther Rathenau. During the period of National Socialism from 1933 to 1945 he wore the name Horst-Wessel-Platz.The Rathenauplatz is, except for the running on its west side lane, pedestrian zone. Three streets open into the square: the Börsenstraße from the north, the Biebergasse from the east, and the Kalbächer Gasse from the west, which is generally known only under its vernacular name, Freßgass. In the south, the Rathenauplatz borders the Goetheplatz. This part of the Rossmarkt got its name in 1844, when the Goethe monument was erected here by Ludwig Schwanthaler. The transition of the two squares forms the connecting line of the Steinweg which enters from the east and the Goethestrasse leading west.