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Jola Dziubinska | profile | all galleries >> VIENNA, AUSTRIA >> ST. STEPHEN'S CATHEDRAL tree view | thumbnails | slideshow

ST. STEPHEN'S CATHEDRAL

St. Stephen's Cathedral (more commonly known by its German title: Stephansdom) is the symbol of Vienna and one of the most important Gothic structures in Austria. It is the church where Joseph Haydn sang as a choir boy, and in which Mozart was married in 1782, had children baptized here, and his funeral was held here on 6th December 1791.

The current Romanesque and Gothic form of the cathedral, seen today in the Stephansplatz, was largely initiated by Duke Rudolf IV of Habsburg, who, in 1359, laid the cornerstone of the Gothic nave with its two aisles. From then on, it took over two hundred years for the building to reach its present shape. The church stands on the ruins of two earlier churches, the first a parish church consecrated in 1147. The oldest remaining parts of St. Stephen’s (the beautiful Giant Gate and the Heathen Towers - Heidentürme) date back to the 13th century.

St. Stephen's Cathedral is 107.2 meters long and 34.2 meters wide. It has four towers. The most prominent feature of the Cathedral is the Gothic South Tower, 136.44 meters high, which was completed in 1433 after 65 years. It is to this day the highest point in the skyline of Vienna's inner city, with its 343 steps of the tight spiral staircase leading to the top.
The unfinished North Tower, 68.3 meters high, was capped with a makeshift Renaissance spire in 1579. The Pummerin Bell is located in it, it is the second-biggest free-swinging chimed church bell in Europe and is rung only on special occasions such as New Year's Eve.
On the roof of St. Stephen's Cathedral, colorful roof tiles were laid to create the Royal and Imperial double-headed eagle and the coat of arms of the city of Vienna.

During the 18th century, the cathedral was decorated with Baroque altarpieces - the panel of the main altar shows the stoning of its namesake St. Stephen, the first martyr of Christendom.
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Tower Of St. Stephen's Cathedral
Tower Of St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral - West Facade
St. Stephen's Cathedral - West Facade
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Tower Of St. Stephen's Cathedral
Tower Of St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Side Altars - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Side Altars - St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Organ Case in St. Stephen's Cathedral
Organ Case in St. Stephen's Cathedral
The Pulpit In St. Stephen's Cathedral
The Pulpit In St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Organ Loft With The Sculptor
Organ Loft With The Sculptor
The Wiener Neustädter Altar
The Wiener Neustädter Altar
Side Altar - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Side Altar - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Master Pilgrim - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Master Pilgrim - St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral At Night
St. Stephen's Cathedral At Night
St. Stephen's Cathedral At Night
St. Stephen's Cathedral At Night
Side Altar - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Side Altar - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Relief - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Relief - St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Outer Reliefs - St. Stephen's Cathedral
The Capistran Chancel
The Capistran Chancel
Maria Pötsch Icon
Maria Pötsch Icon
Side Altar - St. Stephen's Cathedral
Side Altar - St. Stephen's Cathedral
St. Stephen's Cathedral Columns
St. Stephen's Cathedral Columns
St. Stephen's Cathedral - West Facade
St. Stephen's Cathedral - West Facade