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Michal Leszczynski | all galleries >> Events >> Sarmatian Long Night in Museum - 14th May 2011 > Muskeeters
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14-MAY-2011 Michal Leszczynski


A musketeer was an early modern type of infantry soldier equipped with a musket. Musketeers were an important part of early modern armies, particularly in Europe.

Sarmatian Long Night in Museum of Southern Podlasie

"Sarmatism" (also, "Sarmatianism") is a term that designates the dominant lifestyle, culture and ideology of the szlachta (nobility) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the 16th to the 19th centuries. Together with "Golden Liberty," it formed a central aspect of the Commonwealth's culture. At its core was a belief that Polish nobles were descended from the ancient Sarmatians.

The term and the culture were reflected primarily in 17th-century Polish literature, as in Jan Chryzostom Pasek's memoirs and the poems of Wacław Potocki. The Polish gentry (szlachta) wore a long coat, trimmed with fur, called a żupan, and thigh-high boots, and carried a saber (szabla). Mustaches were also popular, as well as varieties of plumage in the menfolk's headgear. Poland's "Sarmatians" strove for the status of a nobility on horseback, for equality among themselves ("Golden Freedom"), and for invincibility in the face of other peoples.[1] Sarmatism lauded the past victories of the Polish Army, and required Polish noblemen to cultivate the tradition. An inseparable element of their festive costume was a saber called the karabela.

Sarmatia (in Polish, Sarmacja) was a semi-legendary, poetic name for Poland that was fashionable into the 18th century, and which designated qualities associated with the literate citizenry of the vast Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Sarmatism greatly affected the culture, lifestyle and ideology of the Polish nobility. It was unique for its cultural mix of eastern, western and native traditions. Sarmatism considerably influenced the noble cultures of other contemporary states — Moldavia, Transylvania, Habsburg Hungary and Croatia, Wallachia and Muscovy. Criticized during the Polish Enlightenment, Sarmatism was rehabilitated by the generations that embraced Polish Romanticism. Having survived the literary realism of Poland's "Positivist" period, Sarmatism enjoyed a triumphant comeback with The Trilogy of Henryk Sienkiewicz, Poland's first Nobel laureate in literature (1905).

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Hank Vander Velde20-May-2011 02:58
Very nice image and good info Michal.
Tom LeRoy19-May-2011 11:07
A great history lesson and a terrific shot illustrating it!V!
NealyBob19-May-2011 08:27
Wonderful capture & blast from the past! Thanks for the history lesson~!V
Bryan Murahashi19-May-2011 03:16
Nice shot of the different costumes and history. V
Hans Koot18-May-2011 21:15
very interesting! thanks for sharing
Patricia Kay18-May-2011 20:24
Wonderful capture and history MIchal...BV
Ceya18-May-2011 19:05
Excellent shot, interesting information! V
Guest 18-May-2011 19:02
Exellent shot, beautiful composition!!
Graeme18-May-2011 17:55
Great candid capture of these guys in their uniforms, Michal.Vote
LynnH18-May-2011 17:28
Good clear colors. Wonderful to see these historic costumes and learn about the musketeers! V
Valene18-May-2011 16:39
Great work Michal, and interesting information! V
Colin Storey18-May-2011 16:20
Great inforamtion and image. v
bill friedlander18-May-2011 15:33
Wonderful presentation of these historic costumes and the equipment the musketeers had to carry. Your description is very informative. Thanks for sharing. V
Walter Otto Koenig18-May-2011 15:10
Great photo with these costumes and weapons. Very interesting information too. "V"
Tom Munson18-May-2011 15:00
A step back in time. Great work, Michal!
Jim Coffman18-May-2011 11:29
Avery nice capture of this fine looking group,Michal! V
Zoltán Balogh18-May-2011 11:19
A great history-related photograph Michal! V
Lamar Nix18-May-2011 11:08
Historic recreation well captured along the diagonal.
Guest 18-May-2011 09:37
Lovely shot Michal, and very interesting. V
joseantonio18-May-2011 04:44
Very nice scene and description
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