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Dick Osseman | all galleries >> Olympos >> Harbor Monumental Tombs > Olympos second of the Port Monumental Tombs December 2013 4027.jpg
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14-Dec-2013 Dick Osseman

Olympos second of the Port Monumental Tombs December 2013 4027.jpg

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The sarcophagus, called the sarcophagus of Captain Eudemos, is located just opposite the entrance and close to the north wall. There is a relief of a ship on this sarcophagus. There is an Aphrodite relief on the stern of the ship, which has no sails, no masts and no oars. There is a 10-line Greek inscription in tabula ansata right in the middle of the façade. The inscription, whose half was destroyed by breaking off (the hole in the centre), reads:

"Because I'm Eudemos captain, I know through the waves

the road [passing] from one Pontos to the other, Palas

[Athena's] discovery.

The city of the Bithynians, together with all the inhabitants of Kal[kedo], decided [to have my citizenship?].

Lucky [my country deems me worthy] [assigned me with] authorities,

The [Lycian] nation did likewise; and I was a member] in the council of elders.


If [one bury here without permission] someone else

He will pay [Fiskus this amount of] alltin Dinars as punishment".

To the right of the tabula ansata is another four-line inscription:

"The ship entered the last port and anchored, there is no need for it to come out, nor the daylight anymore.

I have been informed these tombs "date from roughly 250 AD, one can tell that from the first name of Zosimas (Aurelius), which in fact is a legal statement. In 212 imperator Caracalla ordered an edict to let all free inhabitants of the whole empire be Roman citizens (Constitutio antoniniana, for short CA). He did that by giving them his gentil name Aurelius. So the inscriptions with AYP (AUR) are dating after 212. By the end oft 4th century that went out of use because by then anybody was AYP and there was no more something special about it."

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