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List of birds of Singapore








|Birds Collection|A List of Birds|Flight & Action|Wild birds at singapore|
|Birdwatching - updates on birds sighted|


Singapore Avian Checklist - 375 species
Sighted 310



Order Galliformes (Fowl)
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants and relatives)
Blue-breasted Quail (Coturnix chinensis) - U/RB - PG
Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) - U/RB+IRB - RB: PU. IRB: PR, SB, SL
Black Wood Partridge (Melanoperdix nigra) - Ex/RB
Crestless Fireback (Lophura erythropthalma) - Ex/RB
Malaysian Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron malacense) - Ex/RB
Great Argus Pheasant (Argusianus argus) - Ex/RB
Silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) - Re; SBG jan;

Order Anseriformes (Waterfowl)
Family Anatidae (Ducks, geese and swans)
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) - U/O - BG
Black Swan (Cygnus atratus) - U/O - BG
Domestic Goose (Anser anser) - U/O - BG
Cotton Pygmy Goose (Nettapus coromandelianus) - VR/RB - PY, GBTB(16jan),
Lesser Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna javanica) - C/RB - BG, KM, LH, MS, SB, SS, WC
Wandering Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna arcuata) - U/IRB - BG, MS
Gadwall (Anas strepera) - VR/V
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) - R/WV - CR, LH
Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) - VR/V
Garganey (Anas querquedula) - R/WV - CR
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) - VR/WV - PY; SBWR(06FEB);
Common Teal (Anas crecca) - VR/WV
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) - R/WV - CR
Radjah Shelduck (Tadorna radjah) - U/O - BG
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata) - U/O - BG

Order Podicipediformes (Grebes)
Family Podicepidae
Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis) - U/RB - LH, KR, NT, TP

Order Procellariiformes (Tubenoses)
Family Procellariidae
Short-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna tenuirostris) - SS(14/5),
Family Hydrobatidae (Storm-petrels)
Swinhoe's Storm-petrel (Oceanodroma monorhis) - U/PM - PU, SS(14/9),

Order Pelecaniformes (Pelicans and relatives)
Family Sulidae (Gannets and boobies)
Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) - VR/V ; JS(op sbwr pt 1)21mar16; SS(oct;
Red-footed Booby (Sula sula) - SS(13/5), Marina East Drive(MED_03/9)

Family Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)
Christmas Island Frigatebird (Fregata andrewsi) - VR/V - PU
Lesser Frigatebird (Fregata ariel) - VR/V

Family Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and shags)
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) - U/F - CR, KD, MM, TG

Order Ciconiiformes (Herons and relatives)
Family Ciconiidae (Storks)
Asian openbill (Anastomus oscitans) - KM(), SWL-Seletar West Link(jan13),
Milky Stork (Mycteria cinerea) - U/F - SB
Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala) - U/F - SB
Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) - Ex/RB, VR/Es+V - SB(2/10), SG, SS, Main Hide, SBWR (apr/18);

Family Ardeidae (Herons, egrets and bitterns)
Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) - C/RB - Waterbodies
Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) - C/RB - Waterbodies
Great-billed Heron (Ardea sumatrana) - R/RB - JL(16/8), KR, Southern Islands, TG, SB(5/9),
Great Egret (Ardea alba) - C/WV - Waterbodies
Intermediate Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia) - C/WV - Waterbodies
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) - VC/RWV - Waterbodies
Chinese Egret (Egretta eulophotes) - R/WV - LH, PH, PR, PU, SS
Pacific Reef Egret (Egretta sacra) - U/R - PH, PU, SP, SS
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) - C/F+WV - Grassfields
Indian pond heron or paddybird (Ardeola grayii) - rare -Bidadari Cemetery (Apr/18);
Chinese Pond Heron (Ardeola bacchus) - C/WV - CR, MS
Javan Pond Heron (Ardeola speciosa) - R/WV - SS ,Pasir rie farmway mar'08,
Striated Heron (Butorides striatus) - VC/RBWV - Waterbodies
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) - C/RB - Waterbodies
Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus) - R/WVPM - CF
Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) - U/RBWV - JL[28dec07], LH, NT, SB, TG
Schrenck's Bittern (Ixobrychus eurhythmus) - R/WV - JL, LH, SB, TG
Black Bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis) - U/WVPM - BG, CF, JL, SB
Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis) - C/WV - Reedbeds

Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) - VR/V
Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus) - VR/F - PY, SB

Order Falconiformes (Birds of prey)
Family Pandionidae (Osprey)
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) - C/NBV - CR, MM, PU, SB, SL , Lakeside '08 ,

Family Accipitridae (Eagles, hawks and relatives)
Black Baza (Aviceda leuphotes) - C/WVPM - Islandwide , Lakeside '08,
Jerdon's Baza (Aviceda jerdoni) - VR/WV - MS, PY, Maju Camp , CCK chinese cementery '07 ,
Oriental Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorhyncus) - C/WVPM - Islandwide
Bat Hawk (Macheiramphus alcinus) - VR/NBV - PU ; panti forest jun'08 ,
Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus) - C/RB - Grasslands
Black Kite (Milvus migrans) - U/WV - BB, CR, MS, PG, SL ; Sungei balang oct'08; JT(02dec); cck cemetry(14/04);
Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) - C/RB - Islandwide
Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis) - C/WVPM - CF, CR, JL, LH, PU, SB
Chinese Goshawk (Accipiter soloensis) - U/PM - BG, CF, JL, NT, SL, WC ; mandai oct; AMKWP nov;
Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus) - VR/RB+NBV - BG, BT, CR, KD, PG, PU ; nesting(jan)Bedok, AMK;
Besra (Accipiter virgatus) - VR/PM - Mount Imbiah, Sentosa(12/11);
Grey-faced Buzzard (Butastur indicus) - U/WV - BB, CR; PU(01dec);
Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo) - U/WV - CR
Blyth's Hawk Eagle (Spizaetus alboniger) - VR/NBV ; Fraser hill feb'08 ; panti forest
Changeable Hawk Eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus) - U/RB - BB, BG, BT, CF, CR, LH, NT, PG, PU, PY, SR, TP
Rufous-bellied Eagle (Hieraaetus kienerii) - R/WV - BB, CF, LH ;SBG(sep);BTNR-summit_oct07 ; KYNR thai feb'08;
Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) - R/V - CF, Pulau Punggol-PPB(03dec-); Seletar North Link(14/11);
Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga) - VR/WV - CR, PY ;jln murai LCK nov07; TS(11/11);
Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) - VR/V ; PU 28dec-03jan;
Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) - VR/V - BG, CR
White-bellied Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster) - C/RB - Islandwide near water
Grey-headed Fish Eagle (Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus) - R/RB - BB, BG, CF, JL, Little Guilin, SB, SL
Himalayan Griffon Vulture (Gyps himalayensis) - VR/V - CR, Orchard Road, Ang Mo Kio; [[BTNR feb'08]];
Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) - VR/PM - NT, TG
Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela) - R/R - BG, BT, CF, JL, SL, Sembawang ;Goldhill Ave(apr/18);
Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus) - VR/WV
Pied Harrier (Circus melanoleucos) - R/WV - CR ; sungai balang;
Eastern Marsh Harrier (Circus spilonotus) - U/WV - CR ; TM-GL(05/11);
Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus) - R/WV - CR

Family Falconidae (Falcons and relatives)
Black-thighed Falconet (Microhierax fringillarius) - R/R - BB
Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) - R/WV - CR, KD
Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni) - VR/WV
Oriental Hobby (Falco severus) - VR/WV - PU
Eurasian Hobby (Falco subbuteo) - VR/WV
Amur falcon (Falco amurensis)- VR/WV - YD(16dec);
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) - U/WV - BB, CF, CR, KB, KD, PU, Woodlands, japanese garden, punggol park;

Order Turniciformes (Buttonquails)
Family Turnicidae (Buttonquails)
Barred Buttonquail (Turnix suscitator) - C/RB - NT, PG

Order Gruiformes (Cranes and relatives)
Family Heliornithidae (Finfoots)
Masked Finfoot (Heliopais personata) - VR/RB - SB (1999)

Family Rallidae (Rails and relatives)
White-breasted Waterhen( Amaurornis phoenicurus ) - VC/RBWV - Islandwide
Common Coot ( Fulica atra ) - VR/V - PY
Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea) - U/WV - Jurong East, LH, PY, SB, TG, NTL2(DEC08); SBG(9/02),
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) - U/RB - LH, KM, MS, PY
Slaty-breasted Rail (Gallirallus striatus) - C/RB - Tall grass areas ;LH;PG;lckCC;
Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) - R/RB - KM, PY
White-browed Crake (Porzana cinerea) - U/RB - LHwr, KM, PG, SB
Ruddy-breasted Crake (Porzana fusca) - U/RBWV - LH, PG, SL, TG, TP , SBTB(jan);
Baillon's Crake (Porzana pusilla) - R/WVPM - BB, LH, TP, TG
Slaty-legged Crake (Rallina eurizonoides) - VR/WVPM
Red-legged Crake ( Rallina fasciata ) - U/RBWV - BB, BC, BG, BT, CF, PU, SB
Band-bellied crake (Porzana paykullii) - JG(28/2),

Order Charadriiformes (Shorebirds)
Family Charadriidae (Plovers and lapwings)
Kentish Plover ( Charadrius alexandrinus ) - U/WVPM - CR
Little Ringed Plover ( Charadrius dubius ) - C/WVPM - Rivers, coasts, mudflats
Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula) - R/PM - CR
Greater Sand Plover ( Charadrius leschenaultii ) - U/WVPM - CR, SB , SD(8/8),
Mongolian Plover (Charadrius mongolus) - C/WVPM - Rivers, coasts, mudflats
Malaysian Plover (Charadrius peronii) - R/RB - CR, PS; ME-breeding 09/17;
Long-billed Plover (Charadrius placidus) - VR/V - CR (2005)
Oriental Plover (Charadrius veredus) - VR/PM - CR (2006)
Pacific Golden Plover ( Pluvialis fulva ) - VC/WVPM - Rivers, coasts, TG, SB(5/9),
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola) - U/WVPM - CR, PU ;SR
Gray-headed Lapwing ( Vanellus cinereus ) - VR/V ;SR_oct07
Red-wattled Lapwing ( Vanellus indicus atronuchalis ) - U/RB - CR, NT, PG, PU, SR, TG, JP(01/9),

Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and relatives)
Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) - VR/WV
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) - C/WV - CR, JL, PG, TG
Swinhoe's Snipe ( Gallinago megala ) - R/WV - CR, PG, NT
Pintail Snipe (Gallinago stenura) - C/WV - CR, Kranji grassland, LH, PG, SB
Asian Dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus) - U/WVPM - CR, LH, PU, SB(30/8,sep08);21/8 SBWR;
Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica) - U/WVPM - CR, SB, PU ;SBWR(nov)(04oct)
Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa) - U/WVPM - CR, SBwr(04oct); 21/8 SBWR;
Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata) - U/WVPM - CR, PU, SBwr(04oct); 26/8 SBWR;
Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis) - R/PM - CR
Little Curlew (Numenius minutus) - VR/V
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus ) - C/WVPM - Rivers, coasts, mudflats
Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris) - U/PM - CR; SB sep'08; 15/8 YD;
Red Knot (Calidris canutus) - R/WV
Sanderling (Calidris alba) - U/WV - CR ; 27sep seletar dam; MED(MB-17oct);
Dunlin (Calidris alpina) - VR/PM
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis) - C/WVPM - CR, PU, SB, MM(14/9); MB(14-17oct);
Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta) - U/WVPM - CR
Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii) - VR/PM
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata) - R/V - CR
Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) - C/WVPM - CR, SB(5/9),
Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos) - R/V - CR, Tanah Merah marsh (1999)
Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus) - VR/WV - CR, LH, Jurong, WC
Broad-billed Sandpiper (Limicola falcinellus) - U/WVPM - CR, SBWR(oct08);SBWR 15oct11(main hide/1.1); MM(14/9),
Terek Sandpiper (Tringa cinerea) - U/WVPM - CR, SBwr(04-AUG); seletar DAM ; 19/8 YD;
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola) - C/WVPM - CR, PG, TG
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) - VC/WVPM - Waterbodies
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) - VR/WV
Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis) - C/WVPM - Rivers, coasts, mudflats
Common Redshank ( Tringa totanus ) - C/WVPM - Rivers, coasts, mudflats
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus) - VR/WV
Common Greenshank ( Tringa nebularia ) - C/WVPM - Rivers, coasts, mudflats
Nordmann's Greenshank (Tringa guttifer) - VR/WV - CR, LH, Jurong, WC
Grey-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes) - U/WVPM - CR, SB
Ruddy Turnstone ( Arenaria interpres ) - U/WV - CR, LH, SB, MM(14/9)
Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) - U/WV - CR
Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) - R/WV

Family Rostratulidae (Painted snipes)
Greater Painted-snipe (Rostratula benghalensis) - R/RB - PG, KM

Family Jacanidae (Jacanas)
Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus) - VR/WV - KM ; 911 thai;

Family Burhinidae (Thickknees)
Beach Stone-curlew (Esacus giganteus) - R/R - Southern Islands

Family Recurvirostridae (Stilts and avocets)
Black-winged Stilt ( Himantopus himantopus ) - R/WVPM - CR, SB

Family Glareolidae (Pratincoles and Coursers)
Small Pratincole (Glareola lactea) - R/PM
Oriental Pratincole ( Glaneola maldivarum ) - U/PM - CR, PS, T(14/9),

Family Stercorariidae (Skuas and jaegers)
Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus) - VR/V

Family Laridae (Gulls and terns)
Heuglinís Gull - SS(20/11),
Brown-headed Gull (Larus brunnicephalus) - VR/WV
Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) - R/WV - MM, PU
White-winged Tern (Chlidonias hybridus) - C/WVPM - Rivers, coasts, MM(14/9),
Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus) - R/WVPM, MM(14/9),
Little Tern (Sterna albifrons) - C/RBWV - Rivers, coasts, MM(14/9), JP, T(N 15/8),
Aleutian Tern (Sterna aleutica) - VR/V - Singapore Straits(14/9),
Bridled Tern (Sterna anaethetus) - VR/WV - Punggol beach(14/9),
Lesser Crested Tern (Sterna bengalensis) - C/WV - Johor Straits, MM, PU 01jan;
Great Crested Tern (Sterna bergii) - C/WV - Johor Straits, PU, PB(14/9), PU 01JAN;
Caspian Tern (Sterna caspia) - R/WV - MM
Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii) - VR/V
-Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) - U/WV - CR, MM
Gull-billed Tern (Sterna nilotica) - U/WVPM - CR, PU
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana ) - U/RB - Johor Straits, PU, PT

Order Columbiformes (Pigeons)
Family Columbidae (Pigeons)
Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata) - C/RB - Urban
Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) - VC/RB - Urban
Red Collared Dove (Streptopelia tranquebarica) - U/IRB - CR, LH, NT, PU
Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica) - U/R - BT, CF, PU, SB
Jambu Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus jambu) - U/NBV - BBNP, BG, CF ;JL;BTNR_summit; JG DEC'07;
Thick-billed Green Pigeon (Treron curvirostra) - U/RB - BT, CF
Cinnamon-headed Green Pigeon (Treron fulvicollis) - VR/NBV - PU, SB, TEG(feb),PU 03jan;
Little Green Pigeon (Treron olax) - R/R - BT, CF ; pati forest jun'08; jelutong tower 16mar;
Pink-necked Green Pigeon (Treron vernans) - C/RB - Wooded areas
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) - VC/IRB - Urban
Pied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula bicolor) - R/NBV+F - BB, JL, Labrador Park, PY, Southern Islands; Lakeside PG;
Green Imperial Pigeon (Ducula aenea) - Ex/RB, VR/V - BB, Loyang Lane(mar,PU/PRP 06jan;PRTP oct;
Mountain Imperial Pigeon - PU(11/11), PU 01jan;

Order Psittaciformes (Parrots)
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Tanimbar Cockatoo (Cacatua goffini) - C/EsRB - BG, Changi Village, SL, ST ;BBNP ;
Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) - U/EsRB - Changi Beach, Dover Road, MF, TB
Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) - R/EsRB - ST; Lakeside nov'06;
Umbrella Cockatoo (Cacatua alba) - R/Es - ST
African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) - R/Es - Dempsey Road
Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) - R/Es
Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) - R/R - CF
Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot (Loriculus galgulus) - U/RB - BB, BG, CF; EcoLake,SBG;
Vernal Hanging Parrot (Loriculus vernalis) - R/Es - BG; summit,KK,thailand;
Red-breasted Parakeet (Psittacula alexandri) - C/EsRB - Tall tree areas
Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) - U/EsRB - BG, PY, SL
Long-tailed Parakeet (Psittacula longicauda) - C/RB - Tall tree areas
Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus) - U/EsRB - BG, JL
Red Lory (Eos bornea) - R/Es - BG
Dusky Lory (Pseudeos fuscata) - R/Es - BG
Blue-eared Lory (Eos semilarvata) - R/Es - BG

Order Cuculiformes (Cuckoos and relatives)
Family Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
Asian Emerald Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx maculatus) - U/R WV - Fort siloso,sentosa
Plaintive Cuckoo (Cacomantis merulinus) - U/RB - NT, PU, PY, SB; Lakeside;
Rusty-breasted Cuckoo (Cacomantis sepulcralis) - U/RB - BT, CF, KB, NT, PY, PT, PU, SB, ST, SBWR'08;
Banded Bay Cuckoo (Cacomantis sonnerati) - U/RB - BT, CF , jg, ap
Horsfield's Bronze Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx basalis) - VR/WV - MS , tuas south(may-jun), ntl2, PUS,Punggol PNW(07jun);
Little Bronze Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx minutillus) - C/RB - Wooded areas
Violet Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus) - U/RBWV - BB, BT, CF, PU, SL
Chestnut-winged Cuckoo (Clamator coromandus) - U/WVPM - CF, KB, SB, SG , LHWR(10jan);
Hodgson's Hawk Cuckoo (Cuculus nisicolor) - U/WVPM - BT, CF
Malaysian Hawk Cuckoo (Cuculus fugax) - R/R - CF, JL
Indian Cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus) - C/WVPM - BG, BT, CF, JL, PY, SB
Oriental Cuckoo (Cuculus saturatus) - R/PM - jlp; bw;
Large Hawk Cuckoo (Cuculus sparverioides) - R/WVPM - CF ;KB feb07; prp 11jan;
Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea) - VC/RB - Islandwide (including offshore islands)
Drongo Cuckoo (Surniculus lugubris) - U/RBWV - BB, BT, CF, PY, SB
Chestnut-bellied Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus sumatranus) - R/RB - BT, CF; MOG;
Black-bellied Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus diardi) - Ex/RB
Raffles's Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus) - Ex/RB
Red-billed Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus javanicus) - Ex/RB
Lesser Coucal (Centropus bengalensis) - C/RB - Grasslands
Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis) - U/RB - Wooded areas

Order Strigiformes (Owls)
Family Tytonidae (Barn and Bay owls)
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) - U/RB - Under bridges, KD, ST; Lakeside;
Bay Owl (Phodilus badius) - Ex/RB

Family Strigidae (Typical owls)
Barred Eagle Owl (Bubo sumatranus) - Ex/RB - BTNR(12jan), S'pore quarry 18Aug;
BROWN WOOD OWL (Strix leptogrammica) - R/breeding(PU-west)01/2011; B_Batok ;
Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) - R/WVPM - CR
Buffy Fish Owl (Ketupa ketupu) - R/RB - CF, PY, PU, SB, ST
Brown Hawk Owl (Ninox scutulata) - C/RBWV - BT, CF, PU, ST
northern boobook (Ninox japonica) - WV(PRP, fed2016); 08nov STBB;
Sunda Scops Owl (Otus lempiji) - C/RB - Alexandra Hill, BC, BT, CF, PU, SB, ST
Oriental Scops Owl (Otus sunia) - VR/WVPM - BT, CF, FC, KR, MF, SB, PU(Jln B.U 02dec), DFNP(10jan);
Spotted Wood-Owl ( Strix seloputo ) - R/RB - BG, Dover Road, PU, PY, SJ, ST, TB
Collared Scops Owl (Otus bakkamoena)- RB - LPR,

Order Caprimulgiformes (Nightjars and relatives)
Family Podargidae (Frogmouths)
Gould's Frogmouth (Batrachostomus stellatus) - Ex/RB

Family Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)
Savanna Nightjar ( Caprimulgus affinis ) - C/RB - NT, TG
Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus) - R/WVPM - CF ;cg nov3007;
Large-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus macrurus ) - C/RB - Islandwide
Malaysian Eared Nightjar (Eurostopodus temminckii) - R/R - CF

Order Apodiformes (Swifts)
Family Apodidae (True swifts)
House Swift (Apus nipalensis) - VC/RB - Islandwide including urban, forests
Fork-tailed Swift (Apus pacificus) - U/WVPM - CF, PU
Asian Palm Swift (Cypsiurus balasiensis) - C/RB - Palmed areas
Glossy Swiftlet (Collocalia esculenta) - R/R - BB
Edible-nest Swiftlet (Collocalia fuciphaga) - C/RB - Islandwide
Black-nest Swiftlet (Collocalia maxima) - C/RB - Islandwide
Himalayan Swiftlet (Callocalia brevirostris)
plume-toed swiftlet (Collocalia affinis)
white-throated needletail (Hirundapus caudacutus)- HW 19oct;
Silver-backed Needletail (Hirundapus cochinchinensis) - U/WVPM
Brown-backed Needletail (Hirundapus giganteus) - U/WVPM
Silver-rumped Spinetail (Rhaphidura leucopygialis) - Ex/RB, VR/NBV


Family Hemiprocnidae (Treeswifts)
Whiskered Treeswift (Hemiprocne comata) - Ex/RB, VR/NBV
Grey-rumped Treeswift ( Hemiprocne longipennis ) - C/RB - BG, CF

Order Coraciiformes (Kingfishers and relatives)
Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) - C/WV - Water edges , JP(sep), SB(30/8),
Blue-eared Kingfisher (Alcedo meninting) - R/RB - CF, PU, SB
Black-backed Kingfisher (Ceyx erithacus) - Ex/RB, R/WV - CF, SB; JLP oct'07;
Banded Kingfisher (Lacedo pulchella) - Ex/RB
Rufous-collared Kingfisher (Actenoides concretus) - Ex/RB
Ruddy Kingfisher ( Halcyon coromanda ) - R/RB+WV - RB: PT. WV: BG, FC, JL, PU, SB
Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata) - U/WV - Water edges
White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) - VC/RB - Water edges
Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis) - U/RB - Water edges ;SBG; JG; SBWR; LCK pond;
Collared Kingfisher (Halcyon chloris) - VC/RB - Water edges

Family Meropidae (Bee-eaters)
Blue-tailed Bee-Eater (Merops philippinus) - C/WV - Islandwide (including offshore islands)
Blue-throated Bee-Eater (Merops viridis) - C/MB - Islandwide (including offshore islands)

Family Phoeniculidae (wood-hoopoes)
Green wood hoopoe (Phoeniculus purpureus) - VR/F - Pioneer Circus

Family Coraciidae (Rollers)
Dollarbird ( Eurystomus orientalis ) - C/RBWV - Wooded areas

Family Bucerotidae (Hornbills)
Oriental Pied-Hornbill ( Anthracoceros albirostris ) - U/RB - CF, Changi Beach, PU, SJ, Woodleigh
Northern Pied Hornbill (Anthracocercos malabaricus) - VR/Es - SL
Rhinoceros Hornbill ( Buceros rhinoceros ) - Ex/RB, VR/Es - BT
Great Hornbill ( Buceros bicornis ) - VR/Es - BT
Helmeted Hornbill (Rhinoplax vigil) - Ex/RB
White-crowned Hornbill (Aceros comatus) - VR/Es
Bushy-crested Hornbill (Anorrhinus galeritus) - VR/Es
Black Hornbill ( Anthracoceros malayanus ) - VR/Es ; PU 01JAN;
Southern Ground Hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri) - VR/Es
Trumpeter Hornbill (Bycanistes bucinator) - escapee - bidadari, PU

Order Trogoniformes (Trogons)
Family Trogonidae (Trogons)
Red-naped Trogon ( Harpactes kasumba ) - Ex/RB
Diard's Trogon ( Harpactes diardii ) - Ex/RB

Order Piciformes (Woodpeckers and relatives)
Family Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Sunda Woodpecker ( Dendrocopos moluccensis ) - VC/RB - Areas with trees, including carparks
Common Flameback ( Dinopium javanense ) - C/RB - Wooded areas
*Olive-backed Woodpecker (Dinopium rafflesii) - Ex/RB
Buff-rumped Woodpecker (Meiglyptes tristis) - Ex/RB , CCNR(20/10),
Buff-necked Woodpecker (Meiglyptes tukki) - Ex/RB
Grey-and-buff Woodpecker (Hemicircus concretus) - Ex/RB
Banded Woodpecker ( Picus mineaceus ) - C/RB - Forests
Crimson-winged Woodpecker (Picus puniceus) - Ex/RB, VR/NBV - BT
Checker-throated Woodpecker (Picus mentalis) - Ex/RB
Laced Woodpecker ( Picus vittatus ) - C/RB - Forests
Great Slaty Woodpecker (Mulleripicus pulverulentus) - Ex/RB, VR/NBV
White-bellied Woodpecker (Dryocopus javensis) - VR/R - CF ; panti forest jun'08
Rufous Woodpecker ( Celeus brachyurus ) - U/RB - Wooded areas
Greater Flameback (Chrysocolaptes lucidus) - Ex/RB
Orange-backed Woodpecker ( Reinwardtipicus validus) - Ex/RB ; panti forest;
Maroon Woodpecker (Blythipicus rubiginosus) - Ex/RB ;panti forest;

Family Megalainidae (Barbets)
Coppersmith Barbet ( Megalaima haemacephala ) - C/RB - Wooded areas
Lineated Barbet ( Megalaima lineata ) - U/IRB - BB, BT, PY
Red-crowned Barbet (Megalaima rafflesii) - U/RB - BB, BT, CF
Blue-eared Barbet (Megalaima australis) - Ex/RB
Red-throated Barbet (Megalaima mystacophanos) - Ex/RB
Yellow-crowned Barbet (Megalaima henricii) - Ex/RB
Brown Barbet (Calorhamphus fuliginosus) - Ex/RB

Order Passeriformes (Perching birds)
Family Tephrodornithidae
Black-winged flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus hirundinaceus) - PU-JT(),
Family Pittidae (Pittas)
Mangrove Pitta (Pitta megarhyncha) - R/RB - PU
Blue-winged Pitta ( Pitta moluccensis ) - U/WVPM - BB, BG, BT, CF, Jurong Island, WC
Hooded Pitta ( Pitta sordida ) - U/WVPM - BT, CF, WC
Garnet Pitta (Pitta granatina) - Ex/RB

Family Eurylaimidae (Broadbills)
Black-and-red Broadbill ( Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos ) - Ex/RB, VR/NBV - PU
Black-and-yellow Broadbill ( Eurylaimus ochromalus ) - Ex/RB
Banded Broadbill ( Eurylaimus javanicus ) - Ex/RB
Green Broadbill ( Calyptomena viridis ) - Ex/RB
Dusky Broadbill ( Corydon sumatranus ) - Ex/RB

Family Pardalotidae (Gerygones and relatives)
Golden-bellied Gerygone (Gerygone sulphurea) - C/RB - Wooded areas

Family Pachycephalidae (Whistlers and relatives)
Mangrove Whistler (Pachycephala grisola) - U/RB - LH, PH, PS, PU, SB

Family Dicruridae (Monarchs, paradise flycatchers, drongos and relatives)
Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea) - VR/R - PU
Japanese Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocauda) - VR/PM , VD, BW(23/3), Labrador NR(24 oct;
Asian Paradise Flycatcher ( Terpsiphone paradisi ) - Ex/RB, C/WVPM - Forests , JP(sep), BW(5/9), SBG(28/9), BW(02may'15),
Pied Fantail (Rhipidura javanica) - C/RB - Wooded areas
Crow-billed Drongo (Dicrurus annectans) - U/WVPM - BG, CF, NT, PU, SB
Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus) - R/WV - CF, PS, MF(2-6feb),
Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) - U/WVPM - CR, SL
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo ( Dicrurus paradiseus ) - VC/RB - Forested areas
Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus) - Ex/RB

Family Prionopidae (Helmet-shrikes and relatives)
Larger Wood-shrike (Tephrodornis virgatus) - Ex/RB
Maroon-breasted Philentoma (Philentoma velatum) - Ex/RB
Rufous-winged Philentoma (Philentoma pyrhopterum) - Ex/RB

Family Campephagidae (Cuckoo-shrikes, trillers, minivets and relatives)
Lesser Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina fimbriata) - VR/R - BT
Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike (Coracina striata) - Ex/RB
Pied Triller ( Lalage nigra ) - C/RB - Lightly wooded areas
Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus) - C/WVPM - CF, JL, NT, SL, PY
Scarlet Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) - VR/R
Fiery Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus) - Ex/RB

Family Oriolidae (Old World orioles)
Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis) - VC/RB - Parks, wooded areas
Dark-throated Oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus) - Ex/RB

Family Corvidae (Crows and relatives)
House Crow ( Corvus splendens ) - VC/IRB - Urban
Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos) - C/RB - Forests
Black Magpie (Platysmurus leucopterus) - Ex/RB
Blue Magpie (Urocissa erythrorhyncha) - VR/Es - SB

Family Irenidae (Fairy bluebirds)
Asian Fairy Bluebird (Irena puella) - C/RB - BT, CF, Bukit Brown

Family Chloropseidae (Leafbirds)
Blue-winged Leafbird (Chloropsis cochinchinensis) - C/R - BT, CF; JT(oct;
Greater Green Leafbird (Chloropsis sonnerati) - U/R - BT, CF
Lesser Green Leafbird (Chloropsis cyanopogon) - U/R - BT, CF

Family Laniidae (Shrikes)
Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus) - C/WVPM - Grasslands
Long Tailed Shrike( Lanius schach ) - C/RB - Grasslands
Tiger Shrike (Lanius tigrinus) - C/WVPM - Secondary forests , JP, BW(14/9), BW(23/9),

Family Aegithinidae (Ioras)
Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia) - C/RB - Wooded areas
Green Iora (Aegithina viridissima) - Ex/RB

Family Turdidae (Thrushes)
Eyebrowed Thrush (Turdus obscurus) - R/WVPM - BT, CF, PU
Orange-headed Thrush ( Zoothera citrina ) - R/WV - BG, BT, WC
Siberian Thrush ( Zoothera sibirica ) - VR/PM - BT (2007), LPR(21/9), DFNP(jan);
White-throated Rock Thrush ( Monticola gularis ) - VR/WVPM
Blue Rock Thrush ( Monticola solitarius ) - VR/PM

Family Muscicapidae (Old World flycatchers)
Brown-chested Jungle-flycatcher (Rhinomyias brunneata) - R/WVPM - CF, SB
Asian Brown Flycatcher ( Muscicapa dauurica ) - C/WVPM - Wooded areas
Dark-sided Flycatcher (Muscicapa sibirica) - U/WVPM - BB, CF
Ferruginous Flycatcher ( Muscicapa ferruginea ) - VR/WVPM - CF
Grey-streaked Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta) - R/PM
Brown-streaked Flycatcher (Muscicapa williamsoni) - R/WVPM - BB , SB(30/8), BW(09/01), jT(19/8), PRP(15/8),
Mugimaki Flycatcher ( Ficedula mugimaki ) - U/PM - BB, BT, CF, MF
Green-backed Flycatcher (Ficedula elisae) - R/WVPM - CF
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia) - C/PM - Wooded areas
Blue-and-white Flycatcher (Cyanoptila cyanomelana) - R/PM - BT, CF
Blue-throated Flycatcher (Cyornis rubeculoides) - VR/PM
"Mangrove Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis rufigastra) - VR/RB
Siberian Blue Robin (Luscinia cyane) - U/WVPM - BT, CF, PU, SB
Oriental Magpie-Robin ( Copsychus saularis ) - U/RB - Secondary growths
White-rumped Shama ( Copsychus malabaricus ) - R/RB - BT, CF, PU, SB
Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola maura) - R/WVPM - CR, Kranji grassland, PG, TG

Family Sturnidae (Starlings, mynas, oxpeckers)
Asian Glossy Starling ( Aplonis panayensis ) - VC/RB - Islandwide
Purple-backed Starling ( Sturnus sturninus ) - VC/WVPM - Wooded areas
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Sturnus philippensis) - R/PM
White-shouldered Starling ( Sturnia sinensis ) - U/WVPM - PG
Black-winged Starling ( Acridotheres melanopterus ) - R/FRB - Jurong, SJ (1983)
Rosy Starling (Sturnus roseus) - VR/WV - CR (2006), TG (1990s)
Black-collared Starling (Sturnus nigricollis) - VR/Es - SB, KD (2007)
Brahminy Starling (Sturnus pagodarum) - VR/Es - MS
Crested Myna (Acridotheres cristatellus) - VR/IRB
Javan Myna ( Acridotheres javanicus ) - VC/IRB - Islandwide (including offshore islands)
Common Myna ( Acridotheres tristis ) - C/RB - Islandwide (including offshore islands)
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa ) - C/RB - BT, CF

Family Hirundinidae (Swallows)
Red-rumped Swallow (Hirundo daurica) - U/WVPM - CF, CR, PG, SL, TG
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) - VC/WVPM - Islandwide (including offshore islands)
Pacific Swallow (Hirundo tahitica) - C/RB - Islandwide (including offshore islands)
Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) - U/WVPM - CF, CR, KM
Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus) - U/PM - BT ; JT/HW(20oct;

Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls)
Black-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus atriceps) - R/RB - CF
**Sooty-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster) - U/R - PG, PR, SS, TP
Red-eyed Bulbul (Pycnonotus brunneus) - R/RB - BT, CF
Yellow vented Bulbul ( Pycnonotus goiavier ) - VC/RB - Parks
Red-whiskered Bulbul ( Pycnonotus jocosus ) - U/IRB - Secondary growths
Black-crested Bulbul (Pycnonotus melanicterus) - U/IR - BT
Olive-winged Bulbul ( Pycnonotus plumosus ) - C/RB - BT, CF, SB
Straw-headed Bulbul ( Pycnonotus zeylanicus ) - U/RB - Secondary forests
Orange-spotted Bulbul (Pycnonotus bimaculatus) - VR/Es - BG
Spectacled Bulbul (Pycnonotus erythropthalmos) - VR/R - BT (2006)
Grey-bellied Bulbul ( Pycnonotus cyaniventris ) - Ex/RB
Puff-backed Bulbul (Pycnonotus eutilotus) - Ex/RB
Black-and-white Bulbul (Pycnonotus melanoleucus) - Ex/RB, (PU-JT29/5),
Yellow-bellied Bulbul (Alophoixus phaeocephalus) - Ex/RB
Ashy Bulbul (Hemixos flavala) - U/NBV - BT, MS, SB
Buff-vented Bulbul (Iole olivacea) - VR/RB - BT
Streaked Bulbul (Ixos malaccensis) - R/NBV - BT, SB

Family Sylviidae (Old World warblers)
Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler (Locustella certhiola) - U/WVPM - Grasslands
Lanceolated Warbler (Locustella lanceolata) - R/WVPM - PG
Black-browed Reed-warbler (Acrocephalus bistrigiceps) - U/WV - MS, PG, SB, TG ;senkang floating(apr/18)
Oriental Reed-warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis) - C/WV - Marshes; SBTB(jan);Sengkang Floating (Apr/18);
Arctic Warbler ( Phylloscopus borealis ) - C/WVPM - Wooded areas
Eastern Crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus coronatus) - U/WV - BT, CF, SB, BW(14/9),
Dusky Warbler ( Phylloscopus ) - VR/PM
Inornate Warbler (Phylloscopus inornatus) - R/WVPM - BT, CF
Dark-necked Tailorbird ( Orthotomus atrogularis ) - C/RB - Forests
Rufous-tailed Tailorbird (Orthotomus sericeus) - U/RB - Forests
Common Tailorbird ( Orthotomus sutorius ) - C/RB - Scrubby areas
Ashy Tailorbird ( Orthotomus ruficeps ) - C/RB - Mangroves
Zitting Cisticola ( Cisticola juncidis ) - C/RB - Grasslands
Yellow-bellied Prinia (Prinia flaviventris) - C/RB - Grasslands

Family Timaliidae (Old World babblers)
white-crested Laughingthrush ( Garrulax leucolophus ) - Wooded areas
Hwamei (Garrulax canorus) - U/IRB - ST ;KRP
Grey-capped Babbler (Pellorneum capistratum) - Ex/RB
White-chested Babbler (Trichastoma rostratum) - R/RB - CF, SB
Abbott's Babbler (Malacocincla abbotti) - C/RB - CF, PU, SB
Short-tailed Babbler (Malacocincla malaccensis) - C/RB - CF
Moustached Babbler (Malacopteron magnirostre) - VR/RB - CF
Grey-breasted Babbler (Malacopteron albogulare) - Ex/RB
Chestnut-winged Babbler (Stachyris erythroptera) - U/RB - CF
Chestnut-rumped Babbler (Stachyris maculata) - Ex/RB
Black-throated Babbler (Stachyris nigricollis) - Ex/RB
Striped Tit-babbler (Macronous gularis) - C/RB - Forests
Fluffy-backed Tit-babbler (Macronous ptilosus) - Ex/RB
Large Wren-babbler (Napothera macrodactyla) - Ex/RB
Striped Wren-babbler (Kenopia striata) - Ex/RB
Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea) - VR/Es - Hougang (2004)

Family Zosteropidae (White-eyes)
Oriental White-eye ( Zosterops palpebrosus ) - U/rIRB - Wooded areas
Japanese White-eye (Zosterops japonicus) - R/I
Chestnut-flanked White-eye (Zosterops erythropleurus) - R/I
Mountain White-eye (Zosterops montanus) - R/I
Everett's White-eye (Zosterops everetti) - R/I
Mangrove White-eye (Zosterops chloris) - R/I

Family Dicaeidae (Flowerpeckers)
Thick-billed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum agile) - VR/NBV - BB, BT, CF
Yellow-vented Flowerpecker (Dicaeum chrysorrheum) - VR/R - BB, BT, CF
Scarlet-backed flowerpecker ( Dicaeum cruentatum ) - C/RB - Parks
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker ( Dicaeum trigonostigma ) - C/RB - Forests ; SBG 07jan;
-Plain Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor) - Ex/RB
Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker (Prionochilus maculatus) - Ex/RB

Family Nectariniidae (Sunbirds and spiderhunters)
Plain-throated Sunbird ( Anthreptes malacensis ) - C/RB - Parks
Plain Sunbird (Anthreptes simplex) - R/R - CF
Copper-throated Sunbird ( Leptocoma calcostetha ) - U/RB - BB, SB, PU
Olive-backed Sunbird ( Cinnyris jugularis ) - C/RB - Parks
Purple-throated Sunbird (Nectarinia sperata) - C/RB - BB, BT, CF, PU
Crimson Sunbird ( Aethopyga siparaja ) - C/RB - Parks, Forests
Purple-naped Sunbird (Hypogramma hypogrammicum) - Ex/RB
Yellow-eared Spiderhunter (Arachnothera chrysogenys) - R/RB - BT, CF
Thick-billed Spiderhunter (Arachnothera crassirostris) - R/R - BT, CF
Little Spiderhunter ( Arachnothera longirostra ) - U/RB - BT, CF
Grey-breasted Spiderhunter (Arachnothera affinis) - Ex/RB
Spectacled Spiderhunter (Arachnothera chrysogenys) - Ex/RB

Family Motacillidae (Wagtails, pipits and relatives)
Forest Wagtail ( Dendronanthus indicus ) - U/WVPM - Forest edges, BBNP, BW(14/9), JP
White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) - R/WV - BC, BG, CR, PG
Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) - U/WVPM - BB, BT, CF, PG, PU
Yellow-hooded wagtail (Motacilla citreola) - VR/WV
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava ) - C/WV - CR, PG
Red-throated Pipit (Anthus cervinus) - U/WV - CR
Paddyfield Pipit ( Anthus rufulus ) - C/RB - Urban

Family Ploceidae (Weavers and relatives)
Streaked Weaver (Ploceus manyar) - VR/RB - LH, SB, SS
Baya Weaver ( Ploceus philippinus ) - C/RB - Grasslands

Family Estrildidae (Estrildid finches)
Javan Munia (Lonchura leucogastroides) - C/RB - Grasslands
White-headed Munia (Lonchura maja ) - C/RB - Grasslands
Black-headed Munia ( Lonchura malacca ) - C/RB - Grasslands
Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata) - C/RB - Grasslands
White-rumped Munia (Lonchura striata) - R/RB - CF, PT, PU, ST, TG
Red Avadavat (Estrilda amandava) - R/I - PG
Indian Silverbill (Lonchura malabarica) - VR/Es - CR (2005-6)
Java Sparrow (Padda oryzivora) - VR/Es - PU

Family Viduidae (Indigobirds and Whydahs)
Pin-tailed Whydah (Vidua macroura) - VR/Es - CR

Family Fringillidae (True Finches)
Yellow-fronted Canary (Serinus mozambicus) - R/Es - CR, MS, PP

Family Emberizidae (Buntings and relatives)
Yellow-breasted Bunting (Emberiza aureola) - VR/WV

Family Passeridae (Old World sparrows)
House Sparrow ( Passer domesticus ) - R/IRB - Pasir Panjang, Jurong Island
Eurasian Tree Sparrow ( Passer montanus ) - VC/RB - Urban

**update list from wikipedia.org

@Verditer flycatcher - at DFNP on 09oct2017
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