Kukeldash Madrasah is the largest madrasah of Tashkent and next to Chorsu Bazaar. In the IX and X centuries there were Kesh gates here, one of the three city gates.
Tashkent's principal Friday Mosque was built in the 1990's on the site of a 16th century mosque destroyed by the Soviets.
It was built in the XVI century (1570) during the reign of the Shaybanid dynasty by the vizier close to Tashkent sultans Barak-Khan and Darwish Khan. The Vizier was nicknamed "kukeltash" (‘Kukeldash’), which means "foster-brother of Khan”.
Over the centuries Kukeldash Madrasah has served not only as a an educational institution, but also as a caravanserai, and as a fortress of the Kokand rulers in the XIX century. After the restoration in the 1960’s, it was returned to serve as a spiritual institute.
The Juma Mosque, also named Jami Mosque (‘Friday mosque’), is the principal part of Registan Architectural Ensemble. The foundations of the mosque were laid as far back as the 9th c. It is one of the oldest Tashkent Friday mosques and is the city’s only Friday mosque of the courtyard type that was common in Central Asia in the late Middle Ages.